Citing in a Speech
Knowing how and when to cite is tricky, but the rules for a speech are very similar to the rules for a paper.
If you have a slideshow or other accompanying visual, remember to include at least a works cited list at the end. If you are using pictures, those should be given some kind of attribution, too. Typically, a website url at the bottom of the photo will do. Ask your instructor if you aren't sure.
- Mention your source in your speech whenever you:
- Use direct quotations Paraphrase (put someone else's ideas into your own words)
- Use an idea that someone else gave you in a conversation, email, class, etc.
- Describe an idea that influenced your work
- Want to use an expert opinion or lend authority to your own opinion
- Give any information that isn't common knowledge
- Use any or all of a previously created work of your own design (yes: self-plagiarism is a real thing)
How to Cite in APA Style
This is not the current edition of APA but is here for individuals who may need to reference the previous version.